In the article Michael Gelting stresses, that he is not going “to address the general veracity of the writings of Dudo”, but he does use his new-won understanding of the text to see how it explains the educational principles outlined in the histories of the dukes. Through this he shows, how a distinct pattern of progression can be traced from the barbarian wildness of Rollo and his Vikings, being tempered by Christian Piety in William Longsword and finally fusing “into a harmonious whole” by the proper education in Richard I (p.29). The looming – but, alas probably unanswerable – question is, whether the chronicle was written as a didactic tool to be used in the upbringing of the many children in the ducal household in the beginning of the 11th century. Was Dudo perhaps the headmaster?
In the conclusion Michael Gelting very carefully stresses that his interpretation of Dudo’s chronicle as an exponent of the courtly ideals of the late 10th and early 11th century “does not in any way pretend to be exhaustive”.